Theology Notes

Topics: Protestant Reformation, Christianity, Catholic Church Pages: 5 (1306 words) Published: June 12, 2013
* Avignon Papacy caused many people to say that councils should have more power than the pope, Great Schism enhanced this * Various movements and groups
* Wycliff – condemned as a heretic after his lifetime
* Hus – condemned as a heretic during his lifetime
* Both were seen as beginnings of Reformation
* Wycliff was alive during 14th century (during Avignon), he was deeply troubled by the wealth and power of the pope, looks to the Bible for inspiration (believed it was the whole truth) said the Bible was the highest authority, encouraged the translation of the Bible into English, wrote books on Divine Lordship and Civil Lordship (taught that all power is given by God and we are stewards deemed to use this for God’s good), believed God gave authority to those in positions of power but if church leaders are bad than the state should take their property and use it for public well being, said the Pope is not the leader of the whole church, rejected transubstantiation (was unbiblical and illogical), didn’t think priests had to be celibate, rejected pilgrimages, and indulgences * John Hus lived in the Czech Republic, looked to Bible of inspiration, was less radical than Wycliff, lost confidence of the many interpretations of the Bible, rejected the authority of religious laws not found in the Bible, tried convicted and burned him at the steak, followers formed the Moravian Church * Spanish Reform: players: Queen Isabella and a Cardinal (the senior cardinal) led a massive reform; wanted to lobby the pope to find worthy bishops, reform of religious orders (some had become so relaxed that people joined them just for a place to live), the Cardinal paid for a Polyglot Bible * 1492 all Jews remaining in Spain were expelled

* Tragic Side of Late Middle Ages
* Persecution of Heretics and Persecution of Jews
* Church laws continued to encourage discrimination against Jews * Intensification of the witch craze
* Malius Malificarum—taught people how to recognize, torture, and execute witches; both men and women could be witches but because women were inferior it was easier for the devil to overtake them, and women want to have sex with the devil * Beginning of the Inquisition

* March 20th Amazing Grace film/March 27th 7:00pm in Maybee Auditorium * Doctrine of Incarnation- Jesus was God, Human, and one individual * Docetism is a group of heretics- says Christ didn’t have human body among other beliefs, was the crisis that started the council of Chalcedon (the early Christian heresy never defeated) * Augustine teaches salvation is by grace (justification by faith through grace); if salvation is a gift it can not be earned * Aquinas- salvation is a gift by grace we know this by faith; we should live a Christian life, salvation can not be earned * 4 families of the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century: Lutheran, Reformed, Anglican (Episcopal), Anabaptists (Radical Reformation) * Sola Scriptura (Scripture alone/Bible alone)

* Sola Gratia (Grace alone)
* Sola Fides (Faith alone)
* Protestants- Role of Christ, Grace, Faith, Bible, Church, Sacraments, Relationship between church and government, Holy Spirit * Luther (1483-1546)- ideas are complex, not a systematic thinker, used dramatic language and overstatement, usually credited as the father of the Protestant Reformation, his ideas often gew out of his own life experience (crisis), and his writings are immense; was very influential * Luther believed he was damned

* Gonzales what are the factors that led to the protestant reformation *

* Quiz April 12; Test April 26
* Final Monday May 6th at 10:30
* Homework: Gor: Chapt 7 and 8, McGrath 6th and 9th
* John Calvin
* Theme runs through all writings: Calvin was awe-struck by God’s majesty and power, he insisted that Christians have to follow God “Thy will be done on Earth as it is in Heaven” * Know about the...
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