Affirmative action has increased the number of minorities in workplaces and in universities. It has helped and hurt people since it was put into effect on March 6th, 1961. The Catholic Church has weighed in its opinion on affirmative action also.
Affirmative action has given minorities more opportunities than they would’ve had before. From 1990 to 2006, the number of minorities that received a masters’ degree increased roughly 65%. Part of this can be attributed to affirmative action. In 2006, only 9.9% of blacks received a masters’ degree. Chances are, affirmative action helped many of them get their opportunity to go to college and give themselves a fighting chance with everybody else. Without affirmative action, this number could’ve been even less. Affirmative action affects 26 million people;22% of people in the U.S. Minorities aren’t the only people that are covered by affirmative action; women can benefit as well. In 1970, women made up only 10.2% of officials and managers. After 23 years with affirmative action, women accounted for 29.9% of all officials and managers, according to Employer Information Report Form submitted by federal contractors. To the companies with outstanding affirmative action programs,there are the EVE awards. These are given annualy to encourage companies to uphold affirmative action.
Affirmative action has given minorities opportunities, but in order to do this, it takes the opportunities from some better deserving, better qualified whites. According to the New Oxford American Dictionary, the definition of affirmative action is "an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination." The word favoring means that universities and job offices would take a minority over a white for this job even if he is less qualified. Another argument can be made that once these minorities get their opportunity, they are often overwhelmed by the amount of work that they are not used to having. It can...
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