APW: Unit III: The Early Modern World 1450-1750
Chapter 23: TRANSOCEANIC ENCOUNTERS AND GLOBAL CONNECTIONS
1. Survey – already done with the intro/headings activity, although you might want to go back through and look at pics, etc. 2. Read + “New to you” vocab
3. Take notes on the chapter that thoroughly answer the study guide questions. Be organized and make them “studyable”. 4. Complete your ID terms
This chapter presents the dramatic transformation of Europe between 1500 and 1800 from a sub-region of Eurasia to a dynamic global powerhouse. The expansion of European powers overseas is addressed in Chapters 22 and 23. Here we will consider some of the internal changes that enabled the nations of Western Europe, in particular, to assume such preeminence. This transformation occurred simultaneously and on multiple levels. Also, this chapter considers state-building and social and economic change in Russia under Peter I and Catherine II. Religious transformation. The Protestant Reformation, launched by Martin Luther in 1517 in Germany, successfully challenged the monopoly of the Roman Catholic Church on western Christendom. The printing press, recently introduced to Europe from China, advanced the ideas and texts of the Reformation throughout Europe. Political transformation. Powerful nation-states evolved with the resources and institutions to advance national interests abroad. At the same time, two models for political order emerged, represented by the absolutist monarchies of France and Spain and the constitutional monarchies of England and the Netherlands. Economic transformation. The emergence of capitalism is evident in changes to the structures of banking, finance, and manufacturing. Adam Smith advocated a free market economy, with prices and wages determined through competition. Intellectual transformation. New technologies and new scientific discoveries of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries fueled debate about the nature of...
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