The Reformation was the religious revolution that took place in the Western church in the 16th century. It was primarily led by John Calvin, Ulrich Zwingli, and Martin Luther. Having widespread political, economic and social effects, the Reformation became the root of the creation of Protestantism, which became one of the three major components of Christianity.
The movement of the Reformation began to become independent of Luther, the primary leader of the Reformation, in Germany. Zwingli began to create a Christian theocracy where church and state came together for the service of God. Zwingli showed a more radical understanding of sacraments like the Eucharist, saying that the body of Christ was physically present because Christ’s presence is everywhere. The group that began to follow Zwingli turned out to be more radical than himself. The “Anabaptists” believed that the principle authority be applied without compromise, but they did disagree with Zwingli on the topic of infant baptism.
Calvinism came forth as another important form of Protestantism. John Calvin, the founder of Calvinism found a better place for the law inside the Christian community. In Calvin’s leadership the state and church were brought together for the “glory of God”. In England the Reformation’s fuel was more political than religious. Henry VIII had papal authority and established the Anglican Church with the king as the absolute head. The rearranging of the Church that was initiated by Henry gave way for the beginning of religious reform in England.
The battle of the Protestant Reformation and the Counter Reformation became the opportunity for reaffirm Catholic principles. The varieties of Protestantism increased, the apologists for Roman Catholicism pointed to the Protestant right of the private interpretation of Scripture as the root for the confusion of the reaffirmation of Catholic principles. Catholics began to insist that church tradition and Scripture were attached as they...
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