CCOT Western Europe - France 1600 - 1850
Western Europe and specifically France had continuities and changes that occurred in the political and social structures over the time period of 1600 to 1850.
In the year 1600, France was a monarchy ruled by Henry IV. He ascended to power after his childless cousin, Henry III, died. Ruling from 1589-1610, Henry IV survived at least 12 assassination attempts. The reason so many people tried to assassinate him was because the Catholics felt he usurped the throne and Protestants saw him as a traitor. Socially, France had 3 Estates: the Church, Nobility, and Peasants. The Church made up less than 1% of the population, the Nobility made up about 2%, and the Peasants made up the rest. The Church and Nobility were exempt from taxes causing the tax load to be placed upon the poor peasants who had no money. This caused higher taxes and higher cost for food, causing hunger.
There were changes that occurred in political and social structures between 1600 and 1850. The Peasants formed the National Assembly due to their lack of being represented. They wrote the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizens. The National Assembly wanted France to remain a monarchy, they just wanted more representation. Another group, the Jacobins, wanted France to become a republic. Still angered by the social inequality, some peasants led the “Reign of Terror” which was basically a large revolt. The Nobility were beheaded by guillotine and their heads were put on long pikes and carried around town. Another big change that occurred during the “Reign of Terror” was time and date. Each week was composed of 10 days with 10 hours each. Each minute was composed of 100 seconds instead of 60. With the 10 day week, it wore down the animals and people sooner. This had a large impact on everyone because our bodies and the bodies of most of the animals we use for manual labor were created to do 6 days of work and rest for one day. After the...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document