The principles of infection prevention and control
Explain employee’s roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection
1 ‘It is our responsibility as employees to take precautionary measures to prevent and control the spread of infection in the workplace; this involves working safely to protect myself, other staff, visitors and individuals from infections. Some of the legislation and regulations that relate to the control and prevention of infection include the Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA), the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) and the Reporting of Injury, Disease and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR). It is important as employees that we are aware of these so that we can work safely; at work we have information provided in the health and safety file and COSHH file. As employees we must ensure we attend all necessary trainings that our employers provide regarding infection control and prevention. If an employee comes across a hazard such as bodily fluids spilt in an area or a staff member not wearing gloves you must report it immediately to a senior staff member and not ignore it as this may cause infection to spread. In the workplace employees need to put these safe ways of working into practice; for example by effective hand washing, not coming into work when you’re not feeling well as you will be putting others at risk, by not wearing jewellery when cooking or supporting service users in other activities as jewellery carries many pathogens, by always wearing protective clothing; as a support worker wearing an apron and gloves for procedures will reduce the spread of infection by preventing infection passing on from me to others and from getting it on my clothes and spreading it onto another person I come into contact with. It is also important that all equipment is cleaned correctly to avoid cross infection this is because infection can also spread from one person to another through instruments, linen and equipment.
2explain employer’s responsibilities in relation to prevention and control infection. The employer has a duty to protect, so far as reasonably practicable, those at work who may be affected by work activities. This involves your employer carrying out a risk assessment to identify and assess the risk. Your employer is responsible for planning safety, providing information and updating systems and procedures. The employers responsibility with regards the prevention and control of infection is to supply PPE if the risk to health & safety cannot be adequately controlled in other ways. You must receive proper training on how to use any PPE provided and your employer should carry out regular checks to ensure it is being used correctly. They should ensure the correct storage of PPE such as gloves. Waste can be a source of infection and needs to be dealt with safely. Employers must have procedures in place to deal with waste materials and spillage to ensure it is dealt with correctly. Your employer is also responsible in reporting any outbreaks of infection within your workplace, to the Health Protection team and the Care Quality Commission.
Understand legislation and policies relating to prevention and control of infections. 1 Outline current legislation and regulatory body standards which are relevant to the prevention and control of infection. ‘There are laws and legal regulations about infection prevention and control. Most of the legal regulations relating to infection prevention and control come under the Health and Safety at Work Act; this act is about ensuring a safe work place for employers, employees and members of the public by minimising accidents at work. The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations introduced the need for monitoring health and safety and risk assessment; including infection prevention and control. The Food Safety Act was brought in to ensure safe practices for food...
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