Our world has changed significantly since the invention of the automobile. They were first created in China. But Karl Benz, a German engineer invented the modern automobiles. Cars have become a big part of the society today. The population in some areas of the world is changing. Because we are in the 21st century, we live in an urban lifestyle. People need to work in order to earn a living. Children go to school to acquire knowledge. Automobile industry is one of the most important industries in the world. It provide jobs for millions of people, generates billions of dollars in worldwide revenue. Automobiles have also revolutionized transportation in the 20th century, changing the way people do business and travel. Although automobiles are significant, we should ask the question what are the negative effects of owning one? Of course they are useful to us. In addition, owning an automobile contributes to the everyday life of an individual. However, there are many dangers of owning a car in which industries do not care about. They tend to care more about themselves and the profit they will make by selling their product. Production of automobiles have great effects on people and the environment because it causes pollution such as air that hence, leads to serious health effects. It also leads to
depletion of natural resources, and the ozone layer. They also use unrecyclable parts to manufacture their product. In addition, the auto industry contributes to the decline of the global economy.
Firstly, automobiles play a major role in creating pollution to the environment. Cars are the largest contributors to air pollution. Use of cars leads to the release of harmful gases to the air. Combustion of fossil fuels, as it occurs in motor vehicles, has been identified as one of the largest contributors of air pollution. Petrol vehicles discharge dangerous gases such as carbon monoxide, oxide of nitrogen, and harmful hydrocarbons. Toxins released by cars may lead to severe health problems. For example, they might cause mild to severe irritation of the nose, eyes, lungs and throat. The body can also absorb chemicals, which results in the deterioration of health. One of the most common problems air pollution from cars harm is the respiratory health of people. Because of the harm air pollution from cars cause to people and the environment, government in some countries began planning a policy to reduce car usage. For example, Journal of transport economics and policies published “ In the United States, motor vehicles emission standards are set explicitly in clean legislation, while policies at several levels of government are designed to reduce the use of cars to particular purposes like commuting. In Europe, high fuel taxes and subsidies to urban mass transit and intercity rail travel in large part aim to reduce car use.” (Small and Kazimi, 7).In addition, the EPA made a study about the effects of air pollution and found links between high levels of nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide and an increase in the number of hospital admissions because of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases (EPA publication 789). In addition, the Environmental Health
Perspectives made studies suggesting that children living close to roads may have impaired respiratory problems. Cars emit Carbon dioxide, which contributes to global warming. In fact, automobiles are the main reason why pollution has increased rapidly. Secondly, natural resources and the ozone layer are depleted because of manufacturing of automobiles and use of non-renewable parts to build cars increases pollution. To manufacture a car, many resources have to be extracted. The carbon footprint of creating a car is immensely complex. Metal ores components have to be located and dug out. In addition, other parts have to be assembled: rubber tires, plastic dashboards, paints and so on. Even energy is required for the manufacture of automobiles. An article published by the...
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