Martin Luther (1483 – 1546) born in a small town in central Germany and later became the beginner of the Reformation of the Catholic Church. He was born to peasants, but he attended school in a nearby town, University of Erfurt, where he took courses in Philosophy and studied Law. During a storm in 1505, he became very scared and prayed to the patron saint of travelers, Saint Anne, that if were to be saved that he would become a Monk. After he was saved, Luther in 1507 became an ordained Monk. As a monk he argued with the Catholic Church, with many of their doctrines and their activities. Luther was revolutionary, by his arguments with his “Disagreements with the Catholic Church”, and his “Ninety-Five Theses”, as well as Conservative with how he acted through his disagreements with the Church.
One of the reasons Luther was considered revolutionary, was his “Disagreements with Rome”. One of them was about Indulgences’. An indulgence is a document that is signed by the Pope, which would forgive the holder of all the sins committed. A person could even buy an indulgence for sins not yet committed or to release a family member from Purgatory. Indulgences’ also had two blank lines for the holder to write his name and his “donation” to the church. Luther argued that through “Sola Fide (Justification by Faith)”, can only people go to Heaven. Not by the purchase of Indulgences, signed by the Pope. Another disagreement was with the “The Seven Sacraments”, the “Sacraments” are the teachings of the Catholic Church. The Catholic version of the “seven” sacraments are, “Baptism”, “Confirmation”, “Penance”, “Eucharist”, “Extreme Unction”, “Marriage”, and “Holy Orders”. Luther argued that there are only two Sacraments according to the Bible, “Baptism” and “Eucharist”. He also argued with the Church about their version of, “Transubstantiation”, which is when a Catholic priest converts the bread and wine into the “real” body and blood of Christ during mass. Luther asserted,...
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