Bataan Peninsula State University
Subject : POLICY ANALYSIS IN EDUCATION
Topic : NEED FOR A NATIONAL COORDINATING BODY IN POLICY MAKING Discussant : JUANCHO D. CALIMLIM JR.
Professor : SUSAN M. TALAVERA Ph. D
Educational System in the Philippines has undergone several stages of development .In meeting the needs of society; Education serves as focus of emphases/priorities of the leadership at certain periods/epoch in our national struggle as a race. Members representing all sector of the Educational bureaucracy have a particular role, task, and responsibility to formulate the objectives and basic policies of educational system for every individual affecting it.
II. Objectives: to recognize:-Policy making Bodies -DepED Management structure - Perspective History of Philippine Educational System Situationer:
According to MECS, year 1985
MECS budget: 7,988,898,000 for both the MECS and State Colleges and Universities.
According to DEPED 2012-2013
KINDER&ELEMENTARY TEACHERS=392,496SECONDARY=189,227SPED TEACHERS=2,089...TOTAL OF 583,812 Regular permanent Teachers. +49,084 schools/DEPED BUDGET as of 2013=293.3BILLION
As of 2010, there are 322,878public Elementary School & 90,307public secondary school +49,084this 2013.According to NSO census of 2010 our population was 92.34million (6yrs.old &above).
According to CHED as of School Year 2004-2005:
Back to historical perspective:
In 1972, it became the Department of Education and Culture by virtue of Proclamation 1081 and the Ministry of Education and Culture in 1978 y virtue of P.D. No. 1397. Thirteen regional offices were created and major organizational changes were implemented in the educational system. The Education Act of 1982 created the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports which later became the Department of Education, Culture and Sports in 1987 by virtue of Executive Order No. 117. In R.A. 1124 (National Board of Education) entrusted with the function of formulating educational policies and long range Educational plans and research. No bill on education shall be approved by the chief executive without the endorsement of the board. It is composed of the following: SECRETARY, UNDERSECRETSRY, SENATE Committee on Education, CHAIRMAN OF HOUSE Committee on Education, chairman of NATIONAL SCIENCE DEVELOPMENT BOARD, President of UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES, Representative of STATE COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES BOARD, Representative of FEDERATION OF ACCREDITING ASSOCIATIONS, BUREAU OF GENERAL EDUCATION, BUREAU OF HIGHER EDUCATION, SECRETARY OF FINANCE, AND COMMISIONER OF BUDGET. The structure of DECS as embodied in EO No. 117 has practically remained unchanged until 1994 when the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), and 1995 when the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) were established to supervise tertiary degree programs and non-degree technical-vocational programs, respectively.
The Congressional Commission on Education (EDCOM) report provided the impetus for Congress to pass RA 7722 and RA 7796 in 1994 creating the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA), respectively. The trifocal education system refocused DECS’ mandate to basic education which covers elementary, secondary and Non Formal...
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