Christianity in Brazil
It is almost impossible to consider any part of the Brazilian culture without considering Christianity. It is the dominant religion of Brazil and reflects every aspect of Brazilian way of life: Beliefs, Politics, Economy, National Holidays, Media reports, festive and community in general. In this essay I will try to focus on the lesser-known aspects and facts of Christianity embedded in the Brazilian culture. Brazil has a population of over 200 million habitants and one of the largest numbers of Catholics in the world1. In 1970, 90% of Brazilians consider themselves Catholic but in 2010 this number has reduced to 65%2. The decreased of members of the Roman Catholic Church has been caused by the increase of Neo-Pentecostal churches and Afro-Brazilian religions. The greatest shift has been to evangelical Protestantism which now represents over 22% of the population. Brazil has many versions of Protestantism, most common are: the Pentecostalists, Baptists, Presbyterians and Methodists3. Marx - Beliefs - Politics - Economics
If we compare the decline of Catholicism and economic transformation of Brazilian society, we could reaffirm the work of Max Weber's in the book “The Protestant Work Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. In the 1970’s the vast majority of Brazilians where Catholic, the economy was weak and the working class population were mainly agrarian. With the evolution of society into industrialized, second millennium, the number of protestant have increased, the economy improved a level that has become a world leader. According to Weber, it is much more than just a change of production processes, but also, a change in mentality. This change from Catholicism to Protestantism is “expressed socially with civic model and self-governance”4, taken place with economic stability; people take their lives into their own hands and to an extent free themselves from the central government economy and society. Geographic similarities with...
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