TITLE: Noli me tangere
Noli Me Tangere is a novel written by JoséRizal, and published in 1887, in Europe. Thetitle is Latin, and means "touch me not." Rizal took these words from the Bible,specifically the Gospel of St. John 20: 13-17. Commonly referred to its name Noli orTheSocial Cancer .
>Noli Me Tangere was Rizal's first novel. Hewas 26 at its publication. It was historically significant and wasinstrumental in the establishing theFilipino's sense of national identity. The novel was written in Spanish.
Original work was in Spanish
Later translated into German, French,Chinese, English, Filipino, and other Philippine languages.
The best known translations in English arethose by Charles Derbyshire (1912) andLeon Ma. Guerrero (1961)
Juan Crisostomo Ibarra :
He is the only son of Don Rafael Ibarra, the richest person in San Diego. He studied in Europe for 7 years, and is the sweetheart of Maria Clara. Maria Clara :
She is the girlfriend of Ibarra.
As far as the society is concerned, she is the daughter of Kapitan Tiyago and Doña Pia Alba, but biologically, her father is Padre Damaso. Sisa :
Mother of Basilio and Crispin.
She has a drunkard for a husband. In the novel Sisa portrays a loving mother, and it could be assumed that Rizal likened her to his own mother. Sisa is being maltreated by the Spaniards; similarly, our country is being abused by the Spaniards. Doña Pia Alba ;
She is the mother of Maria Clara and the wife of Kapitan Tiyago. She symbolizes our country, which ceaselessly gives in to foreign power. Capitan Tiago ;
The father of Maria Clara, as far as the society knows.
Sometimes lovable, and sometimes annoying.
He is very biased and is only obedient to those who are higher in rank than him. He has money on a pedestal.
Fray Damaso :
He is the first parish priest in San Diego; he is very abusive. He symbolizes the Spanish friars of Rizal's time.
Fray Salvi :
He is a Franciscan parish priest of San Diego.
Because he is interested in Maria Clara, he and Padre Damaso devised a plan to break Ibarra and Maria Clara apart. They were successful. Doña Victorina:
Her fanatical adulation of the Spaniards leads her to imitate the very actions and attitudes of the Spanish women. It may be said that she symbolizes the Filipinos in our society who are ashamed of their own race and nationality. Doña Consolacion:
She is a Filipino woman married to a Spaniard.
Her very actions and way of dressing will lead people to think that she is a whore. Elias :
He believes that justice can be obtained only through revolution --- reforms simply won't do. He symbolizes the very root of the Filipino culture before the coming of the Spaniards, which remained strong and unbroken by the Spanish culture. Pilosopong Tasyo:
He is a wise man.
He embodies the intelligent people, who never left the country but instead educated themselves in a religious institution. SUMMARY: Having completed his studies in Europe, young Juan Crisostomo Ibarra comes back to his motherland after a 7-year absence. In his honor, Capitan Tiago (Don Santiago de los Santos) throws a get-together party, which is attended by Father Dámaso, Fray Sibyla, Lieutenant Guevarra, Doña Victorina, and other prominent figures. In an unfortunate incident, Father Dámaso, former curate of San Diego, belittles and slanders the young man. But the ever-gracious and diplomatic Ibarra brushes off the insult and takes no offense; he instead politely excuses himself and leaves the party because of an allegedly important task. Ibarra's sweetheart, Maria Clara, an extraordinarily beautiful lady is known as the daughter of Capitan Tiago, an affluent resident of Binondo. The day after the humbling party, Ibarra goes to see Maria Clara. Their long-standing love is clearly manifested in this meeting, and Maria Clara cannot help but reread the letters her sweetheart had written her before he went to Europe. Before Ibarra left...
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