Planning Commission of India

Topics: India, Five-year plan, Five-Year Plans of China Pages: 6 (1477 words) Published: September 16, 2013
SARVAJANIK EDUCATION SOCIETY
SARVAJANIK COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY
SURAT
………………..towards progressive civilisation

P. G. CENTER IN CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
MASTER OF ENGINEERING (CIVIL) TOWN AND COUNTRY PLANNING - I
SEMESTER - I

Planning Commission of India

SUBJECT (CODE)

Submitted by:

Lukhi SIddharthkumar S| Roll No. – 02|
| |
| |
| |

Sejal Bhagat| Himanshu J. Padhya|
Faculty In-charge| HOD|

(November, 2013)
Index

1) Introduction
2) History
3) Frequent Questions regarding planning commission
Define: planning commission
Submission of planning commission report
Planning commission set up?
Launching of first five-year plan
What does the Planning Commission focus on?
4) Objectives of planning commission
5) Functions of planning commission

Introduction
The Planning Commission is an institution in the Government of India, which formulates India's Five-Year Plans, among other functions. Before independence, it was first initiated in India in 1938 by Netaji Subhashchandra Bose. The British Raj also formally established a planning commission that worked 1944 to 1946.

Fig 1: Planning Commission of India Screenshot

History
After independence of India, a former model was adopted; reporting directly to The Prime Minister of India was established on 15 March 1950. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first chairman of Planning Commission. The Planning Commission was set up by a Resolution of the Government of India in March 1950 in pursuance of declared objectives of the Government to promote a rapid rise in the standard of living of the people by efficient exploitation of the resources of the country, increasing production and offering opportunities to all for employment in the service of the community. The Planning Commission was charged with the responsibility of making assessment of all resources of the country, augmenting deficient resources, formulating plans for the most effective and balanced utilisation of resources and determining priorities. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Chairman of the Planning Commission. The first Five-year Plan was launched in 1951 and two subsequent five-year plans were formulated till 1965, when there was a break because of the Indo-Pakistan Conflict. Two successive years of drought, devaluation of the currency, a general rise in prices and erosion of resources disrupted the planning process and after three Annual Plans between 1966 and 1969, the fourth Five-year plan was started in 1969. The Eighth Plan could not take off in 1990 due to the fast changing political situation at the Centre and the years 1990-91 and 1991-92 were treated as Annual Plans. The Eighth Plan was finally launched in 1992 after the initiation of structural adjustment policies. For the first eight Plans the emphasis was on a growing public sector with massive investments in basic and heavy industries, but since the launch of the Ninth Plan in 1997, the emphasis on the public sector has become less pronounced and the current thinking on planning in the country, in general, is that it should increasingly be of an indicative nature.

Fig 2: Left-Dy Chairman(Montak Singh Ahluwaliya), Right-Chairman(Dr. Man Mohan Singh)

Planning Commission
What is the Planning Commission?
It was set up by the Union government to promote a rapid rise in the standard of living of the Indian people by efficient exploitation of national resources, increasing production and offering opportunities to all for employment in the service of the community. The Planning Commission is charged with the responsibility of making assessment of all resources in the country, augmenting deficient resources, formulating plans for the most effective and balanced utilisation of resources and determining priorities.

Q: Whom does the Planning Commission report to?
The Planning Commission works under the overall guidance of the National Development Council,...
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