Policy and Planning

Topics: Five-Year Plans of China, Five-year plan, Economic planning Pages: 8 (1664 words) Published: July 14, 2010
Difference between Plane and Policies


Sumaera Mehmood


Problem solving rules and regulations are called policy According to a dictionary definition, policy is "any course of action followed primarily because it is expedient or advantages in a material sense".

(Evan Sycamnias)

society are continuously changing, and policies being the representation of society’s preferences and ideals, must change with them. It is at this broad level that policy becomes a complex interplay of "social and economic decisions, prevailing ideas, institutions and individuals, technical and analytical procedures, and general theories about the way policy is made"

(Concept by Hawker, Smith and Weller).



“Education policy refers to the collection of laws or rules that govern the operation of education

systems”Education occurs in many forms for many purposes through many institutions For example

•Early childhood education.

•Kindergarten through 12th grade.

•Two and four Year College or universities.

•Graduate and professional education.

•Adult education.

•And job training.

There for education policy can directly affect the education people engage in at all Ages. Areas subject to debate in education policy; especially from the field schools include.

•School size.

•Class size.

•School choice.

•School privatization.


•Teacher education and certification.

•Teacher pay.

•Teaching method.

•Curricular content.

•Graduation requirement.

•School infrastructure investment

And values that schools are expected to uphold and model. Education policy analysis is the scholarly study of education policy. It seeks to answer questions about the purpose of education. The objectives (societal and personal) that is designed to attain the methods for attaining them and the tools for measuring their success or failure.

(Abdul Ghafoor)

How is good policy made? 
A good education policy would try to understand the existing structures as well as the behavior of all participants to first see how the system is working. It would then see what the objectives are and whether the current system is capable of achieving them. Should the government intervene? How should it do so and does it have valid instruments to intervene? For example, in education before prescription, there are several questions that need to be answered to understand the current situation and place the role of government in some perspective.  [pic]


• Series of steps to be carried out or goals to be accomplished

• Design: an arrangement scheme

• A plan of required and elective courses prepared by an academic advisor to assist students in reaching their academic goals.

Difference between plane and policies

A policy is a set of rules and guidelines that should be applied to all projects. Examples of policies may include: • All workers will wear hard hats
• All code must undergo a code-review
• No module should be more than 500 lines long
• All changes must be recorded in the work log
A policy is a set of guiding principles or rules intended influence decisions and actions that reflect agreed practice about how the Council uses its powers. Policies differ from strategies in that they are statements, rather than high level plans delivering change. Plan:

A plan is a set of actions that will be undertaken to achieve a goal. For example, if we wanted to design a calculator, the plan would be: • Design the User Interface (E.g. what color the buttons will be) • Write the code

• Send to QA to be tested
• Fix bugs
• Upload to Web Site
• Inform WebMaster so ha can create link link
• Inform marketing
A plan is an operational programme or guide that sets out current and projected performance, planned activities...

References: • "Development Planning" (April 1994) A Country Study: Pakistan. Library of Congress.
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