Chapter 1: “The Concept of Politics”
Pg. 7, Questions 2 & 4
After reading through the typologies of Plato and Aristotle, I’ve decided that modern governments are relative to the respected geniuses ideas. Plato was arguably the first Conservative thinker and basically composed his own version of a democracy (in my opinion, but neither Aristotle nor Plato were huge fans of democracy). However, he was definitely an elitist. I think if I suggested a country that seems relative to his ideas, I would say the United States, without a bias or vigilance towards the U.S.A. Aristotle on the other hand, believed in a constitution, limited monarch. Basically, not quite a dictatorship and not quite a democracy. In my interpretation, he likely thought that there should be a head of state and probably one party running the country. A comparison to his typology is Communist China. 4. Legislative Branch- Roles include making laws, to set the budget for the state and to set domestic policies.
Judicial Branch- The judicial branch of government is responsible for interpreting the laws of the land. They have the power to declare a law unconstitutional or create tort laws, based upon precedence. Executive Branch- The executive branch of government is responsible for enforcing the laws of the land.
In my opinion, the legislative branch is the most vital and detrimental to society. My rational behind this argument is that without the legislative branch, we have no laws. With no laws, we have no courts and with no laws or courts, we don’t need people at the executive level enforcing laws. Pg. 12, Questions 3-5
Hobbes’ believed in absolutism and thought that people were afraid of anarchy, thus, needing an all-powerful dictator. Locke believed in constitutionalism, or in short, a democracy. On the ideas presented, I’m with Locke. This was easy for me to decide upon because I haven’t heard of a successful dictatorship. However, a healthy democratic society is...
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