Surrogacy is the carrying of pregnancy or the hiring of another women’s womb by a
particular couple. Surrogacy is mainly of two types- genetic and gestational surrogacies. In
gestational surrogacy, the pregnancy results from the transfer of an embryo created In
Vitro Fertilization (IVF), in a manner so the resulting child is genetically unrelated to the
surrogate. Gestational surrogates are also referred to as gestational carriers. In genetic
surrogacy, the surrogate is impregnated naturally or artificially, but the resulting child is
genetically related to the surrogate. In the United States, gestational surrogacy is more
common than genetic surrogacy and is considered less legally complex.
There are two more surrogacies categorized as social surrogacies- altruistic
surrogacy and commercial surrogacy. Altruistic surrogacy refers to a practice in which the
surrogate mother does not charge any financial fee for becoming pregnant and thereby
handing over the child to the genetic mother after birth. Commercial Surrogacy, on the
other hand refers to a practice in which the surrogate mother is paid a sizable fee by the
genetic mother for carrying their baby handing over the baby after birth.( Wadley, lecture,
22nd October) Commercial surrogacy is a more popular practice than altruistic surrogacy.
In today’s world, with modern technological advancement surrogacy is openly
practiced in a few countries like India and Greece. The practice of commercial surrogacy in
India has increased manifold as is it economical when compared to the practice of
surrogacy in America. There is a huge difference in the amount paid to practice surrogacy
in the two different countries. In The United States of America, surrogacy costs around
$80,000-$100,000. However, in India commercial surrogacy costs around $10,000-...
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