The World's Religions: Christianity

Topics: Christianity, Catholic Church, Bishop Pages: 2 (637 words) Published: August 16, 2013
Christianity is a religion that started over two-thousand years ago and for all these centuries, it has experienced many changes and continuity. It all started with a Jewish carpenter named Jesus. Jesus was crucified, but the next morning, Easter Sunday, there were many signs of him coming back from the dead in a new form. Disciples believed that Christ’s physical body came back from the dead while others believed it was a rebirth of the spirit and soul of Christ. After his followers were convinced Jesus was resurrected, they started to preach the gospel of their Risen Lord.The faith in Jesus’ resurrection produced the Church and its Christology. After Christ's resurrection, His disciples continued to remain within the fold of Judaism. The small community of believers was later called a sect by the Jews, but it was still purely Jewish. Although their teachings were highly unpopular, day after day Christians went to the Temple to worship and to preach the Gospel. Christianity spread initially from Jerusalem throughout the Near East, into places such as Syria, Assyria, Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, Asia Minor, Jordan and Egypt. In 380 A.D., Christianity became the official religion in the Roman Empire. It became common to all of Europe in the Middle Ages. By the 20th century, Christianity had spread onto every continent and now is the world’s largest religion with around 2.2 billion believers and it’s continued spreading ever since. In the beginning, the church was substantially one institution. There were no denominations for the first thousand years of Christian history. Not all Christians believed with all that has been said. In 1054, there was a great division between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church in the West. The next division occurred in the sixteenth century in the Western Church with the Protestant Reformation. The reasons for these breaks were complex. The dominant language of the West was Latin, while that of the East was Greek. With...
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